The vitality of chemical research institutes comes from transformation

On September 6, at the 22nd meeting of the National Association of Chemical Research Institutes (Corporations) of the provinces (autonomous regions) across the country, Fan Dichen, Director of the Institute of Chemical Research Institute of the Institute of Chemical Industry, said that the transformation has injected vitality into China's Chemical Research Institute. , rely on its own advantages. These research institutes have found their own space for development.

The first is to become a science and technology enterprise. After the Zhejiang Chemical Research Institute was transformed into Zhejiang Chemical Technology Group Co., Ltd. in 1999, the technology was continuously innovated and the industry continued to develop. In 2005, the main business income was 800 million yuan, total profit was 71.65 million yuan, and foreign exchange earned through exports was US$ 58.56 million; The industry has an income of 900 million yuan, a total profit of 73 million yuan, and foreign exchange earnings of 63 million US dollars. Some institutes implement the "one house, two systems" model, maintain the original independent research system, and develop high-tech industries. For example, the Hubei Provincial Institute of Chemistry has both basic research and applied research, as well as technology development research; it not only manages high-tech products, but also undertakes the task of training graduate students; it is a comprehensive research institute with a complete chemical discipline and a combination of science and engineering, and it is also a registered one. Hubei Province high-tech enterprises. In particular, three national and three provincial-level scientific research and industrialization bases have been established. In 2005, the sales revenue of high-tech industries reached 225 million yuan.

The second is to enter the company (enterprise group) or university. For example, Yunnan Provincial Chemical Research Institute entered Yuntianhua Group, Hubei Chemical Research and Design Institute entered Hubei University, Chongqing Institute of Chemical Industry entered Chongqing Chemical and Pharmaceutical Group, and Xinjiang Chemical Design Institute entered Xinjiang Chemical Group. After the Yunnan Chemical Research Institute entered the Yuntianhua Group, 11 production and operation entities were stripped off, forming a scientific and technological R&D force centered on the project manager team. Over the past five years, they successfully developed a number of phosphorus chemical and phosphorous resources comprehensive utilization technologies, such as the use of thermal-chemical phosphoric acid heat utilization technology with independent intellectual property rights, and successfully implemented industrialized technology transfer to a number of enterprises in Yunnan, Guizhou, and other regions. .

The third is to establish a sound technical service center. The provinces (autonomous regions) and municipalities are now the technical service centers of the chemical (petrochemical) industry in the province (autonomous region). They are now turned into a technical service center for the market economy and are an important way for the transformation of the institute. For example, the Heilongjiang Chemical Research Institute is the first institutional enterprise in Heilongjiang Province. It has now become the Petrochemical Technical Service Center in Heilongjiang Province, and has set up a branch in Daqing. The new industrial production area is also under construction.

The fourth is to carry out institutional reforms and establish joint-stock or private technology companies. Hunan Chemical Research Institute established Hunan Haili Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. and successfully listed in Shanghai; Anhui Province Bengbu City Institute of Chemical Industry has withdrawn all its state-owned capital and established a privately-owned technology, industry and trade integration technology company; Fujian Institute of Chemical Technology Established Fujian Zhonghao Chemical Co., Ltd., and its product sales went abroad.

In deepening reforms, all institutes have achieved innovation and development. All the institutes have generally established pilot bases or experimental workshops (plants) and joint ventures. The annual output value of most of the institutes is more than 20 million yuan, and some institutes have an annual output value of over 100 million yuan. For example, the Guangxi Chemical Research Institute has conscientiously focused on the three major industries of veterinary drugs, pesticides, and fine chemicals, focusing on three basic tasks of scientific research, construction of pilot bases, and brand quality. After the transformation of enterprises, it has promoted the development of high-tech industries. In 2005, the output value exceeded 100 million yuan. yuan. It is planned that by 2010, the total output value will quadruple. Shanxi Province Institute of Chemical Industry achieved total revenue of 63.29 million yuan in 2005, an increase of 24% year-on-year; operating income of 53.91 million yuan, an increase of 31% over the same period of last year; productive income of 50 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 28%, and a second start-up aims.

According to relevant sources, after all institutions have been restructured, they have all become science and technology enterprises, and independent innovation is the “lifeblood” of the company. Deepening the reform of the property rights system and establishing a modern enterprise system are the main directions for further restructuring of scientific research institutions in the future. Each chemical institute should give full play to its own advantages and advance the establishment of a national innovation system.

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